MYP 10

Unit 5: The oil industry and hydrocarbons


Students should:

  • realise from where the worlds natural resources of hydrocarbons originate
  • be aware of the finite nature of the above.
  • understand the use of hydrocarbons as fuels and a source of valuable raw materials.
  • be familiar with fractional distillation and cracking as industrial processes
  • understand the hazards created by the extraction of hydrocarbons and their use.
  • be able to classify hydrocarbons as saturated or unsaturated.
  • be able to name the alkanes, alkenes alcohols, carboxylic acids and esters up to C5.
  • recognise and predict trends in homologous series.
  • be aware of the possible alternatives to the continued use of hydrocarbons
  • appreciate the nature of the plastics industry

Unit 5 - Scheme of Work


B1: Periodic Table:

  • metals (and non-metals);
  • transition metals.
  • Redox reactions:
  • reactivity series;
  • extraction of metals, and corrosion,
  • electrochemical cells

B2: Organic Chemistry:

IUPAC naming and classification of:

  • alkanes
  • alkenes
  • alcohols
  • carboxylic acids and esters

structural formulas

B3: Energy changes in reactions:

  • endo- and exothermicity
  • combustion of fuels.

B4: The atmosphere:

  • characteristics of gases
  • atmospheric composition
  • testing and treatment
  • extraction, emission and environmental implications

B5: Reaction kinetics:

  • rates, and factors affecting rates
  • collision theory

B6: Equilibria:

  • reversible reactions